40 year recertifications and 40 year structural inspections Miami requires are part of the 40/50 year recertification process. The collapse of the Surfside condo building has resulted in an upsurge of building enforcement action as part of the safety inspection program, known as Milestone Inspections, that was long overdue. The 40/50 year recertification process for residential and commercial buildings is intended to avoid a catastrophe like the one we witnessed.
If you are a property owner, HOA member, building manager, or owner’s representative, the information we are about to share will help you understand and prepare for a 40/50 year recertification. Here at G. Batista Engineering & Construction, building safety is our mission.
What are the 40/50 year recertification and the 40 year structural inspections Miami requires (Milestone Inspections)?
40 year certifications are a requirement whereby a building must have a licensed professional engineer conduct a thorough structural and electrical safety inspections to examine any potential safety or structural vulnerabilities. Any failure that can pose an immediate threat to the safety of a building’s occupants is documented in a report.
Building owners, property managers or representatives must correct these issues in a timely fashion. This requirement is due 40 years after a building’s construction date and 10 years thereafter. A 50 year recertification refers to the building recertification program requirement after the initial 40 year mark, which is necessary at year 50.
Need a 40 year recertification in Miami? Just Ask G. Batista! 30+ years experienced engineer. (954) 434-2053.
What is included in a 40/50 year recertification?
As part of Milestone Inspections, the main components of a building that are generally checked during the required inspection, include the following:
- Exterior walls
- Roofing Systems
- Electrical systems
- Steel Framing of Building
- Floor Systems
- Loading Conditions of Building
- Wood Framing
- Concrete framing systems
- Emergency Lighting
- Parking Lot Illumination
What Types of Buildings Are Required to have a 40/50 year recertification?
40/50 year recertifications apply to every building structure with the exceptions of single-family homes, duplexes, and properties that are 2,000 square feet or less, or have an occupant load of 10 or less. In certain counties such as Miami-Dade and Broward, there are exceptions to buildings with less than 3,500 square feet as well as U.S. government or state government structures that are built on Indian reservations.
What changes can we expect after the Champlain Towers Surfside building collapse?
At this point in time, it’s difficult to say what changes to 40/50 year recertifications we can expect. However, we are seeing many cities looking to change the 40 year period to 30 years, i.e. 30 year recertification.
There is also an understandable increased level of concern and caution from property owners, property managers, homeowner associations, and owner’s representatives. They are now being more proactive than ever about making sure that inspections (also known as Milestone Inspections) are performed when required or when visible damage is prevalent such as cracks in concrete and spalling, conditions that previously were not given much attention to.
The fact is, as professional engineers if we see a potential failure (with structural, foundational and electrical systems) that is seriously putting people’s safety at risk, we are very diligent about documenting said issues and recommending corrective action, before notice of required inspection is received. Immediate action is not always taken due to budget constraints or simply not wanting to inconvenience homeowners with construction repairs.
The Surfside building collapse demonstrated what can happen if structural and concrete issues are not taken seriously. We live in South Florida and the ocean can wreak havoc on concrete. We must be proactive about completing any required inspection, recertification process and keeping our buildings safe.
Need a 40 year structural inspection Miami requires? Just Ask G. Batista! 30+ years experienced engineer. (954) 434-2053.
When should you prepare for a 40/50 year recertification?
Don’t wait until you receive the inspection notice from the county building officials for the recertification inspection. At that point, you only have 90 days to show compliance. We recommend beginning the inspections 2 or 3 years prior to the 40 year birthday of the building’s construction and staying on top of preventative maintenance. This should give you ample time to understand any potential failures that the building may need and budget for repairs if necessary.
What are some things that can be done to prepare for a 40/50 year recertification?
- Make sure that electrical system outlets near bathrooms and sinks are GFCI protected.
- A/C closets should not be used for storage.
- Electrical system panels need to be labeled and there should not be any open slots.
- Roof annual maintenance is important. Schedule annual roofing inspections.
- Buildings should be professionally painted and caulked every 7 to 10 years and pressure washed at a minimum every 2 years. If it’s a property near saltwater, the maintenance should be more often.
- Ensure that the parking lot has plenty of illumination. Dark parking lots can pose a lot of dangers.
How much can corrections after the 40/50 year inspection be?
Obviously, it varies from building to building. Properties that are well-maintained may just need some minor repairs such as paint. Buildings that have not been properly maintained over the years may need more drastic repairs such as roof replacement or extensive concrete restoration which can take several months to remedy. For this reason, we recommend that if you see any signs of cracking in concrete or spalling, get it looked at right away, so your recertification inspection is performed without surprises when it’s time.
Spalling refers to the rusting and corrosion of the steel reinforcement that is found inside concrete structures. When this is exposed it is a sign of structural vulnerability. If addressed immediately, the repair can be minor. If left exposed for a long time, it could mean a complete replacement of the bigger structure. We have seen instances where spalling in parking garages was neglected for so long, that our only option was to replace the entire floor structure.
Need a 40 year recertification in Miami or a building safety inspection? Just Ask G. Batista! 30+ years experienced professional engineer. (954) 434-2053.
Do I still need to get a 40/50 year inspection if a notice is not received?
Absolutely! You must comply with a 40/50 year inspection even if a notice is not received. It is the responsibility of property owners to do this. This should be marked in your calendar at least 2 years prior to the building’s 40th birthday and every 10 years thereafter. Building owners will be liable for any accident or incidents that can occur as a result of negligence for not complying with these requirements.
Which types of properties are most vulnerable to issues?
Buildings near the ocean are very vulnerable to concrete and structural issues because of the effects of saltwater corrosion and oxidations which can lead to cracks in concrete and masonry. When stucco is left exposed to the elements it can cause the steel reinforcement rebar to expand as much as seven times its original size. This results in a force of 10,000 pounds per square inch (PSI) to the structure. This is known as spalling. If you own a property near the ocean you should be more proactive and have any visible cracks in concrete or masonry looked at immediately.
What happens if I do not submit the 40/50 year recertification report on time?
If building manager or property owner fails to comply with this requirement of having their property properly inspected and re-certified by a structural engineer, it will result is the issuance of a Civil Notice from your county and this matter is referred to the Unsafe Structures department which can take immediate action including shutting your building down and requiring it to be vacated. You can also expect fines over $10,000 along with enforcement proceedings costs. In rare cases, your building may even need to be demolished. Bottom line, take these 40/50 year recertification requirements seriously.
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